How to Open tar files in Linux

untar tar files
how to untar files linuxstro.com

Tar files are a convenient way to combine multiple files into a single file for easier storage, transportation, and backup. If you are a Linux user and you have a tar file that you need to access, you can use the tar command to extract the contents of the tar file.

In this post, we will walk you through the process of opening tar files in Linux using the tar command. We will cover the basic syntax of the tar command, as well as the various options and flags that you can use to extract the contents of your tar file.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced Linux user, learning how to open tar files is an essential skill. By understanding how to use the tar command to extract the contents of tar files, you can more easily access and work with the files contained within the tar file.

Overall, the tar command is a powerful and widely used tool for archiving and compressing files in Linux, and by learning how to use it effectively, you can improve your productivity and streamline your workflows. So, it is an important command to know for any Linux user.

What is Tar?

Tar is an archive file format created by Tar. It is a utility used to package different files for distribution or for any other purposes.Tar contains multiple files or folders stored in an uncompressed format along with the metadata for the archive.

Tar files are usually compressed into .tar.gz or .tgz. Mostly Tar files are used in Unix and Linux Systems to push updates and also for packaging installers. People using Windows as their main drivers may not encounter tar files frequently. But Linux users must have to go through Tar files. When downloading software installers for Linux, they are mostly packaged in tar files. In order to install updates or Application software, we need to un-tar or open those tar files. Let’s see how to open tar files.

Want to install Python 3.9 on Debian ==> Read this.

How to Create Tar files==> Read this.

How to Fix Bash Command Not Found==> Read this.

Open Tar File

Mainly there are two ways to open a Tar file.

Using File Manager

This is the easiest method available. You can your File Manager to extract tar. By default file manager can open Tar files. And you don’t have to use the terminal and run commands. It would be very easy to use the GUI platform of the file manager.

Learn all the zip commands

Using Terminal

We can Untar files using a single command in the terminal. But there are also specific commands to list the items in the tar files.

To List, the Items in the Tar use the command below.

tar -tvf <tar_file>
eg- tar -xvf tar_file.tar.xz

Have you noticed the ‘xvf’ part in command? Let’s see what it means.

  • t: It commands tar to list the contents in the archive.
  • v: It icommands tar to print the action on console.
  • f: It tells the particular file to perform the action.
  • x: It commands tar to extract the file.

Untar entire file

Most of the time we wanted to extract the entire tar file. In such cases, we can use the below command to extract the entire tar file in a single command.

tar -xvf <tar_file>

If there are similar filenames, upon extraction. The tar will overwrite the files with the old files.

If you don’t want to overwrite the data, then add the “-k” flag. It will tell tar not to overwrite any existing files or directories.

$ tar -xvkf <tar_file>

Extract specific files

There are certain times we need to extract only particular files. In such situations, Tar gives us the flexibility of choosing which particular file has to be extracted. We can use the command below.

tar -xvf <tar_file> <particular_filename>

If we wanted to extract two or more files but not the entire tar file. We have options to do such actions also. In order to untar a couple of files, adding those filenames to the command is enough.

tar -xvf <tar_file> <particular_filename1> <particular_filename2>

Extract from specific Directories

Sometimes the Tar files might have many directories and subdirectories. In such cases, we can extract files from that directory.

We just have to specify the directory.

tar -xvf <tar_file> <directory>

To extract multiple directories

tar -xvf <tar_file> <directory_1> <directory_2>

Conclusion

Tar is actually an archive format, just like rar and zip files. Extracting or untaring Tar files is not hard. People who are new to Linux might get a little annoyed about these terminal commands. But actually, all Linux users are familiar with these commands and are doing them in their day-to-day life. If you are not yet ready to use the terminal you use the default file manager. it does the job for you.

In conclusion, opening tar files in Linux using the tar command is a straightforward process that allows you to extract the contents of a tar file and access the individual files contained within it. By using the various options and flags available with the tar command, you can customize the extraction process to meet your specific needs.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced Linux user, learning how to open tar files is an essential skill. By understanding how to use the tar command to extract the contents of tar files, you can more easily access and work with the files contained within the tar file.

Overall, the tar command is a powerful and widely used tool for archiving and compressing files in Linux, and by learning how to use it effectively, you can improve your productivity and streamline your workflows. Whether you are working with a small tar file or a large archive, the tar command has the tools and capabilities you need to get the job done. So, it is an important command to know for any Linux user.

If want to learn more tar commands then read this article ==> Learn all basic tar commands that every Linux user should know.

Do you know that we can add Kali Linux tools to Ubuntu Want to know How ==> Click here.