How to Create Tar files

Tar is an archive file format that contains multiple files. The Tar files are usually used in Linux and Unix-based operating systems to push updates or to store backups. People who Linux must have heard of tar files. And they usually encounter tar files in their day-to-day lives. Software packages for Linux usually come in tar archives. There are many ways to create tar files. The easiest way to create tar files is using the Linux Terminal.

Tar files are a convenient way to combine multiple files into a single file for easier storage, transportation, and backup. If you are a Linux user, you can use the tar command to create tar files with ease.

In this post, we will walk you through the process of creating tar files in Linux using the tar command. We will cover the basic syntax of the tar command, as well as the various options and flags that you can use to customize the creation of your tar files.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced Linux user, learning how to create tar files is an essential skill. By understanding how to use the tar command to create tar files, you can more easily manage and organize your files, as well as create backups and share files with others.

Overall, the tar command is a powerful and widely used tool for archiving and compressing files in Linux, and by learning how to use it effectively, you can improve your productivity and streamline your workflows.

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TAR

Now let’s understand a little more about tar and about its functions. The Tar command converts folders or group files to tar archives. Tar commands can also be used to extract and list the files included in the tar archive, also we can add additional files to the archive.

Actually, there are two versions of tar. They are:

  • BSD Tar
  • GNU Tar

Most of the Linux Operating Sytems come with GNU tar by Default.

Tar Syntax

Tar command has a syntax, and while passing those commands we have to follow the syntax correctly. Else we end up getting errors.

tar [operation-&-options] [archive-name] [file-name]
  • operation – Most frequenlty used operations are :
    • -c (–create) – Used to create a new tar.
    • -x (–extract) – Used to exract the entire archive or one or more files.
    • -t (-l-ist) – Used to display the list of files in the archive.
  • options – Most frequently used options are :
    • -v (–verbose) – Used to show the files being processed.
    • -f archive-name (–file=archive=name) – This command specifies the archive file name.
  • archive-name – Name of the archive.
  • file-name(s) – Filenames of the files in the archive to be extracted, particular files can also be extarced, multiple files can be extraced using space separted list of filename. Just giving archive name extracts the entire archive.

Learn all the zip commands

Create Tar Files

Tar supports many compression formats such as gzip,bzip2,lzip.lzma.lzop.xz and compress. In order to create a compressed tar archive with any of the above compression formats. Then we have to append the compressor suffix to the archive file name. For example, if we want to compress with gzip, then the archive name should be archive_name.tar.gz.

  1. Now let’s create an archive named linuxstro.tar from the files named file1,file2,file3, and file4. The command for creating the archive above mentioned would be
tar -cf linuxstro.tar file1 file2 file3 file4

-c represents –create and -f represents the –filename.

Here is the long form of the above command.

tar --create --file--linuxstro.tar file1 file2 file3 file4

Let’s create an archive from the files of one or more directories.

Let the name of the archive be Linuxstro.tar of the home/folder directory:

tar -cf Linuxstro.tar /home/folder

Creating Tar Gz Archive

Gzip is one of the most popular and efficient algorithms for compressing tar files. The Archive name should end with either tar.gz or tgz while compressing tar archive with gzip.

Here we are using -z options, which tells tar to compress using gzip algorithm.

For example, let the name of the archive be linuxstro.tar and the command would be:

tar -czf linuxstro.tar.gz file1 file2 file3 file4

Creating Tar in Bz2 Archive

Bz2 is also another popular compressing algorithm. The Archive name should end with either tar.bz2 or tbz while compressing tar archive with Bz2.

Here we -j option to invoke the tar.

For example, let the name of the archive be linuxstro.tar and the command would be:

tar -cjf linuxstro.tar.bz2 file2 file2 file3 file4

List Tar Archives

To list the contents in the archive we use the -t command and the long-form is –list.

For example, let the name of the archive be linuxstro.tar and the command would be:

tar -tf linuxstro.tar

If want to learn more tar commands then read this article ==> Learn all basic tar commands that every Linux user should know.

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Conclusion

In conclusion, creating tar files in Linux using the tar command is a straightforward process that allows you to combine multiple files into a single file for easier storage, transportation, and backup. By using the various options and flags available with the tar command, you can customize the creation of your tar files to meet your specific needs.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced Linux user, learning how to create tar files is an essential skill. By understanding how to use the tar command to create tar files, you can more easily manage and organize your files, as well as create backups and share files with others.

Overall, the tar command is a powerful and widely used tool for archiving and compressing files in Linux, and by learning how to use it effectively, you can improve your productivity and streamline your workflows. Whether you are working with a small number of files or a large archive, the tar command has the tools and capabilities you need to get the job done.