What is a terminal?
Well, it’s just a text-based interface for learning and using the commands inside of UNIX. This article will teach you everything from the basics of running commands in terminals, using basic commands such as “ls” or “mv”, editing files with vim or nano text editors, navigating directories by typing ls -la or cd ../../, and a whole lot more. Along with the commands, we will be sharing all of the basic concepts such as environment variables and their use. So, let’s delve into all of this stuff!
The terminal is a very powerful tool that has a lot of potential power once you know how to use it. It can be used to run any program inside of it, and also give you access to the UNIX-based system underneath it (Linux). A terminal can execute any command that you want. It is not even limited to running programs; it’s also commonly used to manually edit configs for example if you don’t have a GUI-based editor for editing files.
The Linux terminals are one of the most useful things in Unix and Unix-like systems. By typing commands, you can control all your system variables and data, change your directory to another location, and do many other things. All of this makes editing files easier, managing them easier, and even interacting with the system a lot easier!
Let’s start with some useful basic commands to get you started! Just to list a few: ls, cd, mkdir, rm, mv, cat. Everything starts with ls. This command will list the files in your current directory. The thing about ls is that it has many other options that let you display different details about the files.
The best Linux Terminals (Linux Terminal emulators) are:
Tabby is a terminal emulator which has modern looks. A terminal emulator is a program that mimics a text terminal for your web browser. The program lets you use programs like the shell, vim, and the touch command from your browser window. Tabby consists of an intuitive interface that has modern looks. It also supports configuring layouts and hotkeys with user configuration files. Tabby can work well on Linux-based machines as well as with Windows.
You can use Tabby on Web go to https://tabby.sh/app
- Multiple nested panes
- Progress bars and activity notifications for tabs
- Tabby remembers open tabs and panes where you left off
- Tabs on any side of the window
- Optional quake mode (terminal docked to a side of the screen)
- Optional global hotkey to focus/hide the terminal
- Bracketed paste
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Alacritty is an open-source terminal emulator and cross-platform. This is at its beta level. Currently, it supports BSD, Linux, macOS, and Windows. It is based on Open GL.
- Vi Mode
- Opening URLs with the mouse
- Vi Search
Learn more about the feature from Alacritty’s official Github page.
Terminator is a popular Terminal emulator, that lets you use multiple GNOME terminals in one window. The multiple terminals are arranged in a grid-like structure. This feature gives us great comfort in using multiple windows. In terminator, we can save multiple layouts and profiles. We can also drag-drop. Third-party plugins are also available. Terminator is inspired by GNOME-MULTI-TERM. And it has almost all the features of the GNOME terminal.
- All GNOME Terminal features
- MultiGrid – Multi window
- Third party plugins
- Drag and Drop reordering
- Save multiple profiles and layouts
Kitty is another underrated terminal emulator. It is designed for power keyboard users. Kitty is a GPU-based terminal emulator, where the emulator runs on GPU while it is not being utilized. This reduces the load on the CPU.
- Faster than most Terminal Emulators
- GPU based
- Cross Platform
- Better Keyboard Shortcuts
- Mouse Features
- Font Control
- Multiple Copy/Paste Buffers
- Less Load on CPU
- Remote Control
eDEX-UI is a very different-looking terminal emulator. It is heavily inspired by the Tron Legacy movie effects. It gives us a very futuristic look. Like we have seen in Science Fiction Hollywood movies. eDEX-UI supports multiple tabs and there is a lot of customization available. If you looking for a unique terminal emulator and don’t care for performance, then you can for it. If you are concerned about working fast and efficiently, then this is not a good idea.
- Futuristic Sci-Fi look
- Great customiztion options
- Multiple Terminal Tabs
Konsole is the default terminal for the KDE Desktop environment. It comes with a lot of KDE apps integration. Konsole is also customizable. And the best part it is a lightweight terminal emulator.
- Multiple tabs support
- Multiple profiles support
- Silence and Activity monitoring
- Bookmark support
- Saving output
- Multiple splits in any tab
XTERM is one of the oldest terminal emulators. It has got a lot of features. It was first developed two decades back and it is still evolving. It doesn’t have any fancy visual appearance. And also it doesn’t have any drag and drops features. It is a very basic but feature-rich terminal emulator.
- Feature rich
- Basic Plain Terminal experience.
Gnome terminal is the default terminal emulator for GNOME Desktop Environment. Most of the Linux users are using ubuntu-based GNOME distribution. It doesn’t have a lot of customization options available. Gnome terminal is very simple, with good user experience, and easy-to-use functions.
All Linux users must have used Linux terminals. Using Linux Terminals is fun and efficient and also helps reduce a lot of time. People might get bored using the terminal over and over again. They are many different terminal emulators available for different purposes. Some are for some fancy looks for example “eDEX-UI”, some are speed and efficiency and some are for customization. This list is a blend of all categories. Choose one that suits you. Do let us know what you chose in the comment below.